Different groomers have different preferences when it comes to grooming supplies. When you buy a brush or comb, hold it and turn it around to see how it feels in your hand. Some will feel more comfortable to you than others.
Keep in mind that you may want to use different tools on different parts of the coat because coat texture is different on different parts of the same dog. Fur on the rear, for example, tends to be frizzy, while the fur on the belly and underside of the legs tends to be fine and silky. (This area is very tender, so be careful not to pull!) You will also find that different dogs—even from the same litter—have different coat textures.It is best to groom on something other than the floor - that is his territory so he is less likely to behave. Several companies make dog-grooming tables, but you can use just about any stable table. The washer or dryer, or even the kitchen counter will also work. If you use a slick surface like the top of a washer, place a towel or mat over it to keep the dog from slipping around.
It helps to develop a systematic approach to grooming so you don’t miss any areas. You can mentally divide the dog into different regions: sides, back, belly, rear, neck and chest. Finish one area before moving on the next.
Comb, pin brush, slicker brush
Part the fur so you can get the brush bristles as close to the skin as possible.
You will usually find tangles in the undercoat next to the skin.
Use a light pressure to pick up just the top layer of fur, no more than about 1/8 inch deep. If you pick up more, it will be harder to brush out the tangles and will also be more likely to pull and hurt the dog.
Pull the brush slowly away from the skin with a straight motion. If you brush too quickly, the soft bristles will just glide over the fur without untangling it.
If you twist the brush as you pull it, the bristles will wrap around the fur and you could pull some of it out. So, keep your wrist straight and don't twist!
After two or three brush strokes, you should be able to pass a comb through the fur without encountering tangles.
Spritz the fur periodically to dampen it. Damp fur is more elastic, so it is less brittle and likely to break. It also helps to add a tablespoon or two of detangler or conditioner to the bottle of water. Use filtered or distilled water to avoid mineral build-up on the fur.
Puppy fur is much finer than adult fur. It is similar to lamb's wool. Five minutes after you finish grooming a puppy, he will probably look like he did before you started! However, you should still brush him regularly to get out the major tangles and to get him used to grooming. A young puppy will squirm while you brush him. Try to hold him still while you brush him and talk soothingly. A kong or hollow bone filled with peanut butter or some other food can keep him occupied while you brush. Keep the session short and try to make it a pleasant experience.